Essay on Jallianwala Bagh Massacre for Students


When our country of India was the slave of the British, then the entire people of our country had to bear many kinds of injustice and loss. One of them is the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.

This incident is one of those terrible incidents in our country, which people still remember. This massacre took place on 13 April 1919 near the Golden Temple in Amritsar, for which a British officer named General Dyer was responsible.

Martial Law

When our country of India was ruled by the British Government, then they imposed a law called Martial Law in our country. According to the rule of this law, it was illegal to hold any kind of mass gathering or crowd too much.

Because it was banned by the British government. But that day was the annual Baisakhi fair, in which many people had gone to visit the Golden Temple and some people had gathered in Jallianwala Bagh due to this festival.

It was one of the places large enough to gather a large crowd, as the rest of the city was under martial law. But those who had come to Jallianwala Bagh did not know about this law.

With this, the British government had not even made the people gathered in Jallianwala Bagh aware of this law. After that, a British officer named General Dyer comes to Jallianwala Bagh with his soldiers and orders his soldiers to open fire indiscriminately on these ordinary and innocent people.

There was only one working exit in Jallianwala Bagh, which was closed by General Dyer before this massacre and other doors of this place were very narrow and closed.

Due to this, the people gathered there had no other way to escape from this place. So in this incident, about 600 innocent people were killed and thousands were injured, most of them were seriously injured.


Jallianwala Bagh is one of the most dreadful incidents in our Indian country. Therefore, April 13 is considered one of the darkest days of the freedom struggle. Because on this day an incident like the Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place. In which many innocent people were killed.

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